NATIONAL COALITION FOR MUSIC EDUCATION
A research team exploring the link between music and intelligence reports that music training--specifically piano instruction--is far superior to computer instruction in dramatically enhancing children's abstract reasoning skills necessary for learning math and science. After six months of keyboard lessons, those children who received piano/keyboard training performed 34% higher on tests measuring spatial-temporal ability than the others. The experiment included three groups of preschoolers: one group received private piano/keyboard lessons and singing lessons; a second group received private computer lessons; and a third group received no training. These findings indicate that music uniquely enhances higher brain functions required for mathematics, chess, science and engineering.
-- From Neurological ResearchFeb 28, 1997; Frances Rauscher, Ph.D., Gordon Shaw, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine.
A research team studying fast graders from two Rhode Island elementary schools found that students who participated in an "enriched, sequential, skill building music program" dramatically increased their reading and math performance.
--From Nature May 23, 1996; Gardiner, Fox, Jeffery and Knowles
Students with coursework/experience in music performance scored 52 points higher on the verbal portion of the SAT and 37 points higher on the math portion of the SAT than students with no coursework or experience in the arts for a combined total of 89 points higher.
--Profiles of SAT and Achievement Teat Taken, The College Board, compiled by the American Music Conference (1997)
Mozart's Piano Sonata K448 was found to significantly increase spatial scores of college students on IQ tests when the Sonata was listened to for 10 minutes, dubbed the "Mozart Effect."
--From Nature. Copyright 1993, Drs. Rauscher and Shaw, University of California, Irvine.
There is a direct correlation between improved SAT scores and the length of time spent studying the arts. Those who studied the arts four or more years scored 60 points higher on verbal and 41 points higher on math portions of the SAT than students with no coursework or experience in the arts for a combined total of 101 points higher.
--Profiles of SAT and Achievement Test Takers, The College Board, compiled by the American Music Conference (1997)
A Gallup Survey on Americans' attitudes toward music revealed the following:
· 90% of Gallup Survey respondents agreed music should be part of a well-rounded education
· 88% felt all schools should offer instrumental music as part of regular curriculum
· 89% believe music helps a child's overall intellectual development
· 69% believe school music program participation corresponds to better grades and test scores
· 85% believe communities should provide financial resources to support these programs.
-- 1997 Gallup Survey.